nginx + FastCGIでcgiを高速化

Takahashi Ippei 1,808views 更新:2013年8月29日

処理の遅いMovableType等のcgiを高速化する方法のメモ。

nginxとFCGIをインストール

sudo su
yum install nginx perl-FCGI

ファイル [/usr/bin/fastcgi-wrapper.pl] を追加

#!/usr/bin/perl

use FCGI;
use Socket;
use POSIX qw(setsid);

require 'syscall.ph';

&daemonize;

#this keeps the program alive or something after exec'ing perl scripts
END() { } BEGIN() { }
*CORE::GLOBAL::exit = sub { die "fakeexitnrc=".shift()."n"; };
eval q{exit};
if ($@) {
    exit unless $@ =~ /^fakeexit/;
};

&main;

sub daemonize() {
    chdir '/'                 or die "Can't chdir to /: $!";
    defined(my $pid = fork)   or die "Can't fork: $!";
    exit if $pid;
    setsid                    or die "Can't start a new session: $!";
    umask 0;
}

sub main {
        $socket = FCGI::OpenSocket( "127.0.0.1:8999", 10 ); #use IP sockets
        $request = FCGI::Request( *STDIN, *STDOUT, *STDERR, %req_params, $socket );
        if ($request) { request_loop()};
            FCGI::CloseSocket( $socket );
}

sub request_loop {
        while( $request->Accept() >= 0 ) {

           #processing any STDIN input from WebServer (for CGI-POST actions)
           $stdin_passthrough ='';
           $req_len = 0 + $req_params{'CONTENT_LENGTH'};
           if (($req_params{'REQUEST_METHOD'} eq 'POST') && ($req_len != 0) ){
                my $bytes_read = 0;
                while ($bytes_read < $req_len) {
                        my $data = '';
                        my $bytes = read(STDIN, $data, ($req_len - $bytes_read));
                        last if ($bytes == 0 || !defined($bytes));
                        $stdin_passthrough .= $data;
                        $bytes_read += $bytes;
                }
            }

            #running the cgi app
            if ( (-x $req_params{SCRIPT_FILENAME}) &&  #can I execute this?
                 (-s $req_params{SCRIPT_FILENAME}) &&  #Is this file empty?
                 (-r $req_params{SCRIPT_FILENAME})     #can I read this file?
            ){
        pipe(CHILD_RD, PARENT_WR);
        my $pid = open(KID_TO_READ, "-|");
        unless(defined($pid)) {
            print("Content-type: text/plainrnrn");
                        print "Error: CGI app returned no output - ";
                        print "Executing $req_params{SCRIPT_FILENAME} failed !n";
            next;
        }
        if ($pid > 0) {
            close(CHILD_RD);
            print PARENT_WR $stdin_passthrough;
            close(PARENT_WR);

            while(my $s = <KID_TO_READ>) { print $s; }
            close KID_TO_READ;
            waitpid($pid, 0);
        } else {
                    foreach $key ( keys %req_params){
                       $ENV{$key} = $req_params{$key};
                    }
                    # cd to the script's local directory
                    if ($req_params{SCRIPT_FILENAME} =~ /^(.*)/[^/]+$/) {
                            chdir $1;
                    }

            close(PARENT_WR);
            close(STDIN);
            #fcntl(CHILD_RD, F_DUPFD, 0);
            syscall(&SYS_dup2, fileno(CHILD_RD), 0);
            #open(STDIN, "<&CHILD_RD");
            exec($req_params{SCRIPT_FILENAME});
            die("exec failed");
        }
            }
            else {
                print("Content-type: text/plainrnrn");
                print "Error: No such CGI app - $req_params{SCRIPT_FILENAME} may not ";
                print "exist or is not executable by this process.n";
            }

        }
}

initスクリプト [/etc/rc.d/init.d/perl-fastcgi] を追加

#!/bin/sh
#
# nginx - this script starts and stops the nginx daemon
#
# chkconfig: - 85 15
# description: Nginx is an HTTP(S) server, HTTP(S) reverse 
# proxy and IMAP/POP3 proxy server
# processname: nginx
# config: /opt/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
# pidfile: /opt/nginx/logs/nginx.pid

# Source function library.
. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions

# Source networking configuration.
. /etc/sysconfig/network

# Check that networking is up.
[ "$NETWORKING" = "no" ] && exit 0

perlfastcgi="/usr/bin/fastcgi-wrapper.pl"
prog=$(basename perl)

lockfile=/var/lock/subsys/perl-fastcgi

start() {
    [ -x $perlfastcgi ] || exit 5
    echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
    daemon $perlfastcgi
    retval=$?
    echo
    [ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
    return $retval
}

stop() {
    echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
    killproc $prog -QUIT
    retval=$?
    echo
    [ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
    return $retval
}

restart() {
    stop
    start
}

reload() {
    echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "
    killproc $nginx -HUP
    RETVAL=$?
    echo
}

force_reload() {
    restart
}
rh_status() {
    status $prog
}

rh_status_q() {
    rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1
}

case "$1" in
    start)
        rh_status_q && exit 0
        $1
        ;;
    stop)
        rh_status_q || exit 0
        $1
        ;;
    restart)
        $1
        ;;
    reload)
        rh_status_q || exit 7
        $1
        ;;
    force-reload)
        force_reload
        ;;
    status)
        rh_status
        ;;
    condrestart|try-restart)
        rh_status_q || exit 0
        ;;
    *)
        echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload}"
        exit 2
    esac

実行権の設定等

chmod +x /usr/bin/fastcgi-wrapper.pl
chmod +x /etc/rc.d/init.d/perl-fastcgi
/etc/rc.d/init.d/perl-fastcgi start
chkconfig --add perl-fastcgi
chkconfig perl-fastcgi on

ファイル [/etc/nginx/fcgi-perl.conf] を追加 (mtのパス等は各自設定)

location /test/ {
    alias /data/test/html/src/;
}
location ~ ^/test/mt523/(.*.cgi)$ {
    gzip off;
    include /etc/nginx/fastcgi_params;
    fastcgi_pass  127.0.0.1:8999;
    fastcgi_index index.cgi;
    fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME /data/test/html/src/mt523/$1;
}

/etc/nginx/nginx.conf に追記

    server {
        :
        include /etc/nginx/fcgi-perl.conf;
        :
    }

nginxを再起動

/etc/init.d/nginx restart

これによりmtへのxmlprc投稿処理が3倍以上高速化!

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